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Sunday, January 28, 2007

Acne

Acne is a skin disorder which is the result of hormonal imbalance and some substances like the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne is also known by different names such as zits or pimples.

These factors clog the pores and the result is acne. This is mainly found on the various parts of the body such as back, face, shoulders, neck and chest.

This is not treated as a serious health threat but it is considered as a source of emotional distress for some people. Some acne can even cause permanent scarring on the affected areas.
Causes of Acne

The cause of acne is unknown but there are some factors which lead to acne. One of the major causes of acne is increase in hormones known as androgens. This is caused in both boys and girls during the period of puberty and makes the sebaceous glands enlarge and creates more sebum. Another cause of acne is heredity which can be inherited from parents.
Types of Acne

There are various types of acne and they are:-

* Acne Rosacea
* Acne Cosmetica
* Acne Vulgaris
* Acne Fulminans
* Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
* Acne Chloracne
* Acne Medicamentosa

Factors that can make Acne Worse

There are various factors which makes the acne worse and they are:-

* Oil obtained from skin products like cosmetics or moisturizers or grease while working in a kitchen
* Changing hormone levels in adult women and adolescent girls 2-7 days before their menstrual period starts
* Stress
* Environmental irritants like high humidity and pollution
* Hard scrubbing of the skin
* Pressure from tight collars, sports equipment or helmets and tight sports uniforms

Treatment of Acne

Acne is treated by dermatologists. The main goal of the treatment is to stop new lesions from forming, heal existing lesions, minimize the psychological embarrassment and stress and prevents scarring.
Treatment for Whiteheads, Blackheads and Mild Inflammatory Acne

People suffering from mild acne can use over the counter or prescription topical medicine to treat acne. This medicine is available in various forms like lotions, gels, pads, soaps and creams.

This medicine can be applied directly on the affected areas with acne. There are some side effects also with the use of this medicine such as burning, skin irritation or redness. Some of over the counter topical medicines are:-
Resorcinol –

This is helpful in breaking down the whiteheads and blackheads.
Benzoyl Peroxide –

It is helpful in reducing production of oil and destroys the bacteria P.acnes.
Sulfur –

It breaks down the whiteheads and blackheads.
Salicylic Acid –

It also eliminates the shedding of cells which are under the hair follicles.
Treatment of Moderate and Severe Inflammatory Acne

This type of acne can be treated with prescription topical medicines like Antibiotics, Retinoids, Tetracycline, Doxycycline and Minocycline and oral medicines like Erythromycin, Clindamycin and Sulfonamides. Some acne is severe which requires a long term treatment like surgery.

There are some surgical treatments such as Dermabrasion or Microdermabrasion, Laser therapy such as Intense Pulsed Light therapy and many more. There are various home remedies also for treating acne which is 100 percent natural and does not contain any artificial preservatives which can reduce acne and acne scars naturally without any pain.

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